- Renaissance affects philosophy, science and art.
- The New Monarchs come to power in France, England, Portugal and Spain.
- Rise of Modern English language from Middle English.
- The Sultanate of Malacca is established.
- Lollardy is suppressed in England; John Badby is the first person burnt at the stake for heresy in England.
- Great Schism of the Catholic Church is ended in 1417.
- Foundation and rise of the Aztec empire in Mexico.
- Jeanne d'Arc in 1429 leads French forces to a victory against England in a battle of the Hundred Years' War.
- The duchy of Burgundy is a major power in Europe.
- Brazil is discovered by Pedro Alvares Cabral, thus creating the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil.
- Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire (in 1453), and the Empire conquers several more countries in the Balkans
- John Huss is burned at the stake
- Niccolo Machiavelli writes The Prince.
- The Spanish Inquisition is established.
- Muslims and Jews are expelled from southern Spain after almost 800 years of Moslem rule, in 1492.
- The Ancient Pueblo Peoples Native American civilization mysteriously disappears
- Christopher Columbus reaches Caribbean islands in 1492 and South America in 1498, initiating the Spanish Empire.
- Portuguese Vasco da Gama completes sea voyage to India, in 1498.
- Zheng He'China" title ="China">China to South-East Asia, India, East Africa and Egypt.
- The Sultanate of Malacca is a regional power. Through its trade and empire, Malays are converted to Islam.
- The Wolof establish the Jolof Empire.
- Christopher Columbus sails to the Americas for Spain
- Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon as the monarchs of a unified kingdom who funded the founding of the New World.
- Vasco da Gama reaches India for Portugal, creating the first maritime alternative for the Silk Road
- Filippo Brunelleschi invents one-point perspective, leads innovation in Italian architecture
- Leonardo da Vinci, inventor and painter
- Henry VII, English King founds the Tudor dynasty
- Zheng He, Chinese eunuch admiral and explorer
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Decades and years
af:15de eeu ca:Segle XV cs:15. století da:15. århundrede de:15. Jahrhundert es:Siglo XV eo:15-a jarcento fr:XVe siècle fy:15e ieu hr:15. stoljeće io:15ma yar-cento it:XV secolo ja:15世紀 ko:15세기 lb:15. Joerhonnert nl:15e eeuw no:15. århundre pl:XV wiek pt:Século XV ro:Secolul XV ru:XV век sl:15. stoletje fi:1400-luku sv:1400-talet tr:15. yüzyıl uk:15 століття zh:15世纪