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18th century

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(17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries)

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800.

Historians will sometimes specifically refer to the 18th century as 1715-89, denoting the period of time between the death of Louis XIV of France and the start of the French Revolution. In Europe, the principal nations of this period (in terms of industrial capacity) were: Austria, Britain, France, Prussia, and Russia.

The 18th Century was the period of the so-called "enlightened absolutism" and was the time when political changes began that would lead to the modern nation state. France'Peasant_revolt" title ="Peasant revolt">peasant revolts that, for the first time, would begin to shake the old ways and feudal life. The Enlightenment was in full bloom and threatened the power of theology. The rise of nations like Austria, Russia, and Prussia began to shift the balance of power away from the west and create new competition in Europe other than France, England, and Spain.

Other important aspects of the 18th century were the rise of cultural centers such as Paris and Vienna where nations could boast their power, enlightenment, and impression to the rest of Europe. Across the globe, European colonies were both being established, and, in the case of America, breaking away from their parents. In Asia, exploration and influences from Europe were beginning to shake the structures of old empires, especially India, where civil war enabled the British an to take control of the entire peninsula.

In a strictly aesthetic analysis, the 18th century is generally considered was the beginning of Europe's artistic influence across the entire globe.

Contents

Events

Five overall largest mass killings of the 18th century

Note that the numbers given here are estimates

The slave trade, the Thuggee cult and the extermination of the American Indians also undoubtedly caused millions of victims during the 18th century, but the number of them is too uncertain to be listed. [1]

Significant people

Artists

Notorious people

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

Decades and years

1690s 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699
1700s 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709
1710s 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719
1720s 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729
1730s 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739
1740s 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749
1750s 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759
1760s 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769
1770s 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779
1780s 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789
1790s 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799
1800s 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809


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