Forms of communication
- Animal communications
- Interpersonal communications
- Intrapersonal communications
- Nonverbal communications
- Speech communications
- Cross-cultural communication
Forms and components of human communication
Humans communicate in order to share knowledge and experiences. Common forms of human communication include sign language, speaking, writing, gestures, and broadcasting. Communication can be interactive, transactive, intentional, or unintentional; it can also be verbal or nonverbal. In addition, communication can be intrapersonal or interpersonal. There are a number of theories of communication that attempt to explain human communication.
As the technology evolved, communication protocol also had to evolve; for example, Thomas Edison had to discover that hello was the least ambiguous greeting by voice over a distance; previous greetings such as hail tended to be lost or garbled in the transmission.
As regards human communication these diverse fields can be divided into those which cultivate a thoughtful exchange between a small number of people (debate, talk radio, e-mail, personal letters) on the one hand; and those which disseminate broadly a simple message (Public relations, television, cinema).
Our indebtedness to the Romans in the field of communication does not end with the Latin root "communicare". They devised what might be described as the first real mail or postal system in order to centralize control of the empire from Rome. This allowed Rome to gather knowledge about events in its many widespread provinces.
As the Romans well knew, communication is as much about taking in towards the centre as it is about putting out towards the extremes. Thus peace is a side-effect of communication, starting, for example, when the August 30th 1963 communication hotline between U.S. and Soviet leaders went into operation.
The view people take toward communication is changing, as new technologies change the way they communicate and organize. In fact, it is the changing technology of communication that tends to make the most frequent and widespread changes in a society - take for example the rise of web cam chat and other network-based visual communications between distant parties. The latest trend in communication, decentralized personal networking, is termed smartmobbing.
Anxiety associated with communication is known as communication apprehension. Such anxiety tends to be influenced by one'Self-concept" title ="Self-concept">self-concept. Besides apprehension, communication can be impaired via bypassing, indiscrimination, and polarization. Failing to share a common language is also an important barrier in many parts of the world.
 Dance, Frank. "The 'concept' of communication. Journal of Communication, 20, 201-210 (1970).
- Communications satellite
- Computer network
- Diffusion of innovations
- Global telephone network - also known as the Public Switched Telephone Network
- Information theory
- Mass media
- Media studies
- Neuro-linguistic programming
- Rhetorical criticism
- Social software
- Studying Communication: An introduction to the field, by R.C. Hains
- University of Iowa - Communication Studies Resources
- UNM General Library Communication Studies
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