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Empiricism

From open-encyclopedia.com - the free encyclopedia.

Empiricism is the school of Epistemology (in philosophy or psychology) that virtually all knowledge is the result of our experiences. (See John Locke'Tabula_rasa" title ="Tabula rasa">Tabula rasa or "blank slate" theory.) Radical Empiricism holds that our knowledge is essentially nothing more than the sum of our experiences. Empiricism is closely allied with (philosophical) materialism and positivism and opposed to intuitionism or continental rationalism, though it is perhaps compatible with modern rationalism.

Empiricism is generally regarded as being at the heart of the modern scientific method, that our theories should be based on our observations of the world rather than on intuition or faith; that is, empirical research, inductive reasoning and deductive logic.

Names associated with empiricism include Aristotle, Francis Bacon, John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume.

Empiricism in history

Within historiography, empiricism refers to empiricist historiography, a school of documentary interpretation and historical teleology derived from the works of Ranke.

See also



cs:Empirie de:Empirismus es:Empirismo eo:Empiriismo fr:Empirisme he:אמפיריציזם nl:Empirisme ja:経験論 pl:Empiryzm pt:Empirismo

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