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History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, such as in "geologic history of the Earth". When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. The term history comes from the Greek historia, "an account of one'Etymology" title ="Etymology">etymology with the English word story.

Historians use many types of sources, including written or printed records, interviews (oral history), and archaeology. Different approaches may be more common in some periods than others, and the study of history has its fads and fashions (see historiography). The events that occurred prior to human records are known as prehistory.

Knowledge of history is often said to encompass both knowledge of past events and historical thinking skills.

A criticism of history as a field has been that it hss too narrowly focused on political events or on individuals. Deeper more significant changes in terms of ideas, technology, family life and culture have received too little attention. Recent developments in history have sought to redress this.

See also: History of the world



A very large amount of historical information is available in Wikipedia, and several different ways of classifying it are given below.

History classified by location

History classified by date:

Academic classification

Miscellaneous classifications

(Not necessarily part of academic history studies)

Ideological classifications

Although a certain amount of bias in history studies is inescapable, national bias being probably the most important, history can also be studied from a narrow ideological perspective, perhaps one that the practitioners feel is usually ignored. For example:

A form of historical speculation known commonly as virtual history (also called "counterfactual history") been adopted by some historians as a means of assessing and exploring the possible outcomes if certain events had not occurred or had occurred in a different way to that which they did. This is somewhat similar to the alternative history genre in fiction.

You may also want to see dubious historical resources and historical myths for a list of false beliefs and histories that were once or are now popular and widespread, but which are proven to be false or dubious.

Guidelines for history on Wikipedia can be found at Wikipedia:History.

See also

External links

af:Geskiedenis ar:تاريخ ast:Historia az:Tarix bg:История be:Гісторыя br:Istor ca:Història cs:Historiografie cy:Hanes da:Historie de:Geschichte et:Ajalugu el:Ιστορία es:Historia eo:Historio eu:Historia fr:Histoire fy:Skiednis ko:역사 hr:Povijest ia:Historia it:Storia he:היסטוריה sw:Historia ku:Dîrok la:Historia lb:Geschicht hu:Történelem minnan:Le̍k-sú nl:Geschiedenis ja:歴史 no:Historie pl:Historia pt:História ro:Istorie ru:История simple:History sl:Zgodovina sr:Историја sv:Historia tr:Tarih ur:تاريخ uk:Історія zh-cn:历史 zh-tw:歷史

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