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Iberian Peninsula

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The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. It is bordered on the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Pyrenees form the northeast edge of the peninsula, connecting it to the rest of Europe. At Gibraltar in the south, it approaches Africa.

topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula

Contents

Countries & Territories

  • Andorra, a microstate bordering France and Spain in the Pyrenees
  • Spain, occupying the majority of Iberia
  • Portugal, the western most part
  • Gibraltar, British territory in the southern-most tip

Languages

The following official languages are spoken in the Iberian peninsula:

Pre-Roman languages

The following languages were spoken in the Iberian peninsula before the Roman occupation:

  • Lusitan
  • Aquitan (Basque)
  • Iberian
  • Celtiberian
  • Tartessian

History

In medieval times the peninsula housed many small states. However these amalgamated over time, until the end of the Napoleonic Wars (including the Peninsular War) in 1815. At that point the modern position was reached and the peninsula now consists of the countries of Spain and Portugal (excluding their islands and Ceuta and Melilla), Andorra, and the territory of Gibraltar.

ast:Península Ibérica ca:Península Ibèrica da:Den Iberiske Halvø de:Iberische Halbinsel es:Península Ibérica eo:Iberio fr:Péninsule ibérique ia:Peninsula iberic la:Iberia nl:Iberisch Schiereiland ja:イベリア半島 pl:Półwysep Iberyjski pt:Península Ibérica sl:Iberski polotok zh:伊比利亚半岛

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