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Pacific Islands

From open-encyclopedia.com - the free encyclopedia.

The Pacific Ocean has an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number is unknown. These islands are also sometimes collectively called Oceania, and are traditionally grouped into three: (1) Melanesia, (2) Micronesia, and (3) Polynesia.

Melanesia means black islands. These include the largest Pacific island, New Guinea, which is divided into the nation of Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, and the Solomon Islands.

Micronesia means small islands. These include the Marianas, Guam, Palau, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Polynesia means many islands. These include New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, the Midway Atoll, Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, and Easter Island.

There are also many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean, but these are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador; the Aleutian Islands in Alaska; the Russian islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands; the island nation of Japan, which includes the Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan; the Philippines; the South China Sea Islands; and most of the islands of Indonesia.

List of Islands

  • Tuvalu
    • Funafuti
      • Amatuku
      • Avalau
      • Falaoigo
      • Fale Fatu (or Falefatu)
      • Fatato
      • Fongafale
      • Fuafatu
      • Fuagea
      • Fualefeke (or Fualifeke)
      • Fualopa
      • Funafala
      • Funamanu
      • Luamotu
      • Mateiko
      • Motugie
      • Motuloa
      • Mulitefala
      • Papa Elise (or Funangongo)
      • Teafuafou
      • Te Afualiku
      • Tefala
      • Tengasu
      • Telele
      • Tengako (peninsula of Fongafale)
      • Tepuka
      • Tepuka Vili Vili
      • Tutanga
      • Vasafua
    • Nanumanga (or Nanumaga)
    • Nanumea
      • Lakena
      • Lefogaki
      • Nanumea
      • Teatua a Taepoa
      • Temotufoliki
    • Niulakita
    • Niutao
    • Nui
      • Fenua Tapu
      • Meang
      • Motupuakaka
      • Pakantou
      • Piliaieve
      • Pongalei
      • Talalolae
      • Tokinivae
      • Unimai
    • Nukufetau
      • Faiava Lasi
      • Fale
      • Funaota
      • Kongo Loto Lafanga
      • Lafanga
      • Matanukulaelae
      • Motufetau
      • Motulalo
      • Motuloa (north of Nukufetau)
      • Motuloa (south of Nukufetau)
      • Niualuka
      • Niuatui
      • Sakalua
      • Savave
      • Teafatule
      • Teafuaniua
      • Teafuanonu
      • Teafuone
      • Temotuloto
    • Nukulaelae
    • Vaitupu
      • Luasamotu
      • Mosana
      • Motutanifa
      • Temotu
      • Te Motu Olepa
      • Tofia
  • Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
    • Ambrym
    • Anatom
    • Aoba
    • Éfaté
    • Erromango
    • Espiritu Santo
    • Hunter (claimed by France and Vanuatu)
    • Îles Banks
    • Îles Torres
    • Maéwo
    • Matthew (claimed by France and Vanuatu)
    • Malakula
    • Pentecóte
    • Tanna
  • Western Samoa (see Samoa)

See also


Countries in Oceania
Australia | East Timor | Fiji | Kiribati | Marshall Islands | Federated States of Micronesia | Nauru | New Zealand | Palau | Papua New Guinea | Samoa | Solomon Islands | Tonga | Tuvalu | Vanuatu
Other political units: American Samoa | Cook Islands | Easter Island | French Polynesia | Guam | Hawaii | Maluku Islands | Midway Atoll | New Caledonia | Niue | Norfolk Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Papua (Indonesia) | Pitcairn Islands | Tokelau | Wake Island | Wallis and Futuna | West Timor
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