The Most Serene Republic of San Marino, or simply San Marino, is one of the smallest nations in the world. Located in southern Europe, it is completely surrounded by Italy and has a population of less than 29,000.
|National motto: Libertas (Latin: "liberty")|
|Captains Regent|| Giuseppe Arzilli and|
- % water
| Ranked 190th |
| Population |
- Total (2000)
| Ranked 189th |
|Independence||September 3, 301|
| Time zone|
- in summer
| CET (UTC+1)|
|National anthem||Inno Nazionale|
|Internet TLD|| |
|Calling code|| |
Main article: History of San Marino
San Marino claims to be the world'301" title ="301">301 by a skilled builder referred to as Saint Marinus. Its written constitution was adopted on October 8, 1600. The tiny nation was recognised by Napoleon'France" title ="France">France in 1797, and by the other European nations at the 1815 Congress of Vienna.
Although a sovereign nation, it is strongly dependent on Italy, by which it has been completely surrounded since that country'19th_century" title ="19th century">19th century. In 1996 San Marino and Sweden ended a war status that had officially lasted between them since 1648 (under the Peace of Westphalia).
Main article: Politics of San Marino
The Consiglio Grande e Generale, or Grand and General Council, is elected by popular vote every five years. This parliament selects two of its members to serve as Regents for periods of six months. The two regents and the cabinet form the executive branch of the government.
The Council also elects the Consiglio dei XII (Council of Twelve), which forms the judicial branch during the period of legislature of the Council.
San Marino is divided into nine municipalities, known locally as castelli, that are also cities. See List of cities in San Marino.
Main article: Geography of San Marino
San Marino is an enclave of Italy, on the border between the regioni of Emilia-Romagna and Marche. Its topography is dominated by the Apennines mountain range, and has a rugged terrain. The highest point in the country, Monte Titano, is situated at 749 m above sea level. There are no bodies of water of any significant size.
Main article: Economy of San Marino
Although San Marino is not an official European Union member, it is allowed to use the Euro as its currency by virtue of arrangements with the council of the European Union; it is also granted the right to use its own designs on the national side of the euro coins. Before the Euro, the Sammarinese lira was coupled to and exchangeable with the Italian lira. The small number of Sammarinese euro coins, as was the case with the lire before it, are primarily of interest to coin collectors.
The tourist sector contributes over 50% of San Marino'Gross_domestic_product" title ="Gross domestic product">GDP, with more than 3.3 million tourists visiting in 1997. The key industries are banking, electronics, and ceramics. The main agricultural products are wine and cheese.
San Marino'Postage_stamp" title ="Postage stamp">postage stamps, which are only valid within the country, are mostly sold to philatelists and also form a source of income.
The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
Being completely surrounded by Italy, there is no significant difference between the population of San Marino and Italy and many Italians live in San Marino.
Main article: Culture of San Marino
- Communications in San Marino
- Transportation in San Marino
- Military of San Marino
- Foreign relations of San Marino
- Visit San Marino - Official San Marino Tourism Site
- San Marino Site - A portal on San Marino, partly in English
- Musei di Stato della Repubblica di San Marino
|Countries in Europe|
|Albania | Andorra | Austria | Azerbaijan | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Latvia | Liechtenstein | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Republic of Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Netherlands | Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | San Marino | Serbia and Montenegro | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Turkey | Ukraine | United Kingdom | Vatican City (Holy See)|
|Dependencies: Faroe Islands | Gibraltar | Guernsey | Jan Mayen | Jersey | Isle of Man | Svalbard|
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